The History of these corners in Granada deserves special treatment.
The Alhambra, the most Visited Monument in Spain, visitors often wonder: What is the Alhambra?.
Built between the 13TH and 14TH centuries, it was the jewel of the Nasrid kingdom that came to encompass all of Almeria, Malaga and Granada, as well as some other provinces.
The whole of the Alhambra is more than a palace, it is a walled citadel within the city of Granada. It Has Royal apartments, fortresses, gardens, patios, barracks, etc… All this surrounded by an impressive wall.
- 1 The Alcazaba
- 2 The Royal House
It Is The purely military part of the enclosure. The constructions that are preserved date from the 13TH century.
The first thing to be found when entering is the Military District or Parade ground, the place that occupied the houses and barracks of the troop.
At present you can only see the plant of these constructions, marked with small walls. In The basement There are cisterns and dungeons.
On the left is the Garden of the Adarves (17TH century), with many cypresses, flowers and fountains.
Beyond that are the Gunpowder Tower and the Tower of the Candle or the Bell, so called because the Catholic Monarchs installed in it a bell whose touch governed the shifts of irrigation in the fertile plain of Granada.
The best Thing about this tower is the view of the city, on the one hand, and the Alhambra, on the other. If you continue to surround the Alcazaba in the direction of the needles of a clock you reach the Door of Arms, the main entrance during the Arab period.
The Royal House
Its name is given to the set of Nasrid Palaces.
It can be divided into three main nuclei and one added: The Mexuar or Meshwar, the Palace of CoMares and the Palace of the Lions, and added, the later Christian constructions.
The Mexuar was the place where matters relating to the administration of justice were addressed. It Is The first thing to be found when entering this area and one of the most altered parts after the arrival of Christians.
Palace of CoMares
It completely Surrounds the Patio of the Arrayanes or Myrtle, which is the plant that forms the hedges of this courtyard.
This Palace is considered one of the jewels of the Alhambra and has a beautiful pond flanked by two rows of hedges.
To the left the Comares Tower, the highest of the Alhambra (45 meters).
Courtyard of the Lions
When entering, one is impressed by the forest of 124 columns that, open like palm trees, surround the courtyard. Everything in this courtyard has its symbology: They say it represents Paradise. Bathed like this by four rivers, while the twelve Lions located in the center represent the twelve signs of the Zodiac.
The Gardens of the Partal, one of the most beautiful places of the Alhambra. And the Towers that come then walk towards the Generalife. This terrain was formerly occupied by military dwellings and servants in the service of the palace.
The Palace of Charles V
It Is The Great stone mole that you see when you enter, near the box office, and that for many breaks in an unpleasant way the harmony in the delicate ensemble of the Alhambra.
Despite this, it is one of the most beautiful examples of Renaissance architecture.
The Generalife, Beautiful Gardens for the Royal Family Retreat
What is the Generalife? The Generalife of Granada was a rustic villa or Royal garden, and is the only sample that remains to give us an approximate idea of what were those beautiful mansions surrounded by gardens in which the Arab spirit was carried away by his poetic and sensual instinct.
Generalife means the architect’s garden. The Generalife of Granada is located on the hill called Cerro del Sol, adjacent to that of the Alhambra.
In its origins it must have been an architect’s recreation mansion, so it points to the etymology, and later it passed to the real patrimony, suffering the remodelings that are appreciated as a whole.
The Generalife is composed by a wide gardens, where every nook has a novelty and a pleasant surprise for the view, and a building reduced to the minimum of dependencies.
District of Albaycín in Granada, the oldest District of Granada
The Albaycín is the old Arab quarter. It Comprises the area located between the hill of the Alhambra, the Cerro de San Cristóbal; Sacromonte and Elvira Street.
The Albaycín constitutes a world apart in the whole of Granada. This is because of the strong Muslim influence. It Was in this place that the first Muslim court was erected in the 11TH century, the Zirí.
The City was descended by St. Nicholas to the banks of the Darro River, populated by luxurious cármenes and endowed with splendid public baths, as shown by the Bañuelo.
The maximum moment of splendor of the Albaycín was in the last years of the Nasrid Dominion, a population of more than forty thousand inhabitants and thirty mosques.
The streets were very narrow and the houses small and clean, besides having many cisterns, some of which have come to our days.
The Birthplace of Flamenco in Granada Sacromonte Granada offers the varied geography of Granada: Mountain, Vega and rivers and a rich ethnic variety: Arabs, Jews, Castilians and, finally, Gypsies, with a new type of housing, the cave.
The Reddish Hill, dry, bristling with Pitas and Chumberas offers panoramas of indescribable beauty: the whole of the towers of the Alhambra, the white slopes of the hamlet Albaicinero and the greenery of the Valley of Valparaiso where the Darro runs, The Caves of Sacromonte are grouped around ravines, forming a kind of streets. There Are Caves of various categories.
Although flamenco shows in the Sacromonte are excessively commercial and aimed primarily at foreign tourist groups, it is imperative to approach at least one night to attend a Zambra in a cave of Sacromonte.
Historic gardens that illuminate at night with colorful fountains, surrounded by beautiful buildings such as the Royal Hospital and the Crypt of Fray Leopoldo.
The Gardens of Triumph in Granada were in the Arab era an extensive cemetery, founded in the 13TH century.
The Cemetery was surrounded by a strong wall and defended at the entrance of each of the roads to access the population by doors with towers.
On the one hand the Victory was joined to the fortifications of the Albaycín and, on the other, it linked with the outside of Granada.